What is a farm incubator?


A farm incubator is defined as a programme designed to facilitate the process of progressive incorporation of new entrants into the agricultural sector, coordinated through a governance system established and approved by all the entities involved.

The farm incubators are established with a legal, physical and comprehensive support system to ensure the implementation of the trial farming period by the tester. These three functions are essential to shaping this programme and its consolidation is different in each case. There is no single formula to organise the operations of a farm incubator.

  • Legal support: the function of farm incubators that outlines the legal framework for activities covering the professional and tax responsibilities of the entrepreneur as an entity participating in certain economic activity.
  • Physical support: this function of the farm incubators helps carry out activities related to agriculture, livestock or forestry and includes land, facilities, equipment and machinery, among others. Depending on the availability throughout physical support, short-term or permanent physical support can be provided. Depending on the availability of an individual space or multiple spaces for physical support within a farm incubator, either a single incubator or a group of incubators can be provided.
  • Comprehensive support: the function of the farm incubators that includes the process of assisting the entrepreneur from personal, technical and business perspective, providing specialised training and consultation.


The coordination of these three functions is carried out through a governance system established by the participants, either through a managing authority or through agreements, accords, guidelines, pacts and/or consensus between all the participants.

The key objective of the farm incubators is to assist the people who want to develop an entrepreneurial project through trial farming, thereby facilitating a low-risk and progressive incorporation into the agricultural sector. These are innovative programmes directed at new entrants and new agricultural models associated with the territory.

Furthermore, the farm incubators...

  • Stimulate the generational renewal in the agricultural sector and the rural world
  • Generate stable employment in an essential sector and the vulnerable areas
  • Promote the conservation and protection of the territory through sustainable agricultural models
  • Socially and economically boost the local agri-food systems and rural areas
  • Develop a local and ecological food policy as a link between the countryside and the cities
  • Test new innovative methods of collaboration between agricultural entities and the general public.